“Why, Sir, you find no man, at all intellectual, who is willing to leave London. No, Sir, when a man is tired of London, he is tired of life; for there is in London all that life can afford.”
— Samuel Johnson
Steeped in centuries of history, London has it all: amazing art galleries, museums, shopping, some of the globe’s most iconic landmarks, brands, as well as entertainment, including the theatres of the West End.
London is located on the Great River Thames in southern Britain, with an area of 1572 square kilometers, and it is located in the southeast of England, about 60 kilometers west from the North Sea.
London has a population of 8.9 million, according to an official statistics conducted by the Office for National Statistics in 2019, and its residents are of different nationalities, religions and ethnicities.
London is the capital of finance and financial center, and the British pound is the official currency. Despite its adoption of open capitalist economic policies, its social welfare system is very strong.
London was founded in the year 43 AD during the reign of the Romans who called it “Londonium” and it is the third largest city in Europe. It was the capital of Britain’s province in Rome, and by the second century AD it had become (Londonium) a thriving commercial center, and at that time its population reached about sixty thousand people.
At the beginning of the third century AD the Romans built a wall around the city, and in the 16th and first half of the 17th century it quickly flourished, and during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558-1603) it turned into a center for world trade, and the first public theaters were opened in it, which is the “Al-Klub” theater in Southwark, on which Shakespeare performed his plays in 1599.
London has many landmarks, including the famous “Big Ben” clock, and the Thames, the second longest river in the United Kingdom, with a length of 346 km. The first human activity around the river dates back to the year 50 AD when the Romans were the first to develop the Port of London.
Among its features is the Parliament Building, which is one of the oldest historical buildings. It was built between the eighth and eleventh centuries and includes the House of Commons and the Lords. It was the palace of the great England kings before it became the People’s Majlis, and was listed on the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1987.
In addition to the above, the historic Buckingham Palace, and the “London Eye”, which is the circle that makes the tourist overlook all the features of the capital.